句動詞 ask+副詞・前置詞

ask + about, after, for, from, of, out, (out) to
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about 
《ask about》[自動詞+前置詞〔:について〕]【尋ねる】

I asked about his job.
  彼の仕事を尋ねた。


SVO
     I asked his job.
     I asked him about his job.
     I asked his job of him.

SVOO
     I asked him his job.
after 
《ask after》[自動詞+前置詞〔:のことを〕]【見舞う、安否を尋ねる】

She'd like to ask after you.
  あなたを見舞いたがっている。
for 
《ask for》[自動詞+前置詞〔:を求めて〕]【求める】、
                       【(人に)面会を求める】
They had to ask for some help.
  援助を求めなければならなかった。


 * They had to ask him for some help. [他動詞+前置詞]
from 
  He asked five dollars from you.
  5ドルほしいと頼んだ。
                 (↓参照)
of 
《ask B of A》[他動詞+前置詞〔:の〕]【AにB(事)を要求する】

He asked advice of you.
  あなたにアドバイスを頼んだ。


  = ask A B



  He asked you for five dollars. <ask for (物・事)をほしいと言う>
  5ドルほしいと頼んだ。

    = ― five dollars from you.
out 
《ask out》[他動詞〔:誘う〕+副詞〔:外へ〕]【誘う】

Why don't you ask her out?
  彼女を誘ってみたら。
(out) to 
《ask to》[他動詞〔:誘う〕+前置詞〔:に〕]【に招く・誘う】

She asked me (out) to lunch.
  ランチに招待した。
ask be
blow break
bring brush
buy call
care carry
catch check
come count
crack cut
do draw
drop fall
feel figure
fill get
give go
hand hang
have hear
hit hold
keep kick
knock lay
lead leave
let level
live look
make move
pass pay
pick play
pull put
reach run
see sell
send set
show sit
speak stand
stay step
stop take
talk tell
think throw
tip touch
try turn
wait walk
wear work
write  

・前置詞については 前置詞等の比較 にも関連ページがあります。

 
 
 
9.12.12 e8-723~730