||surprise, anger, pain, happiness, agreement etc.
||Ah! There you are!
|aha, ah ha
||to show that you understand or realize something
||Aha, that's what you've been up to.
||sadness, shame or fear
||Alas for poor Alice!
||surprised, annoyed, or upset
||Oh dear, I can't find the recipe anywhere.
||when you want someone to reply to you or agree with something you have said
||Pretty cold out, eh?
||when you want to correct something you have just said, or when you do not know exactly what to say next
||I ― er ―
||when you are surprised or have discoverd something interesting
||Ha! I told you it wouldn't work.
||when you are annoyed
||Aw, heck, I can't do this.
||when meeting or greeting someone
when answering the telephone or starting a telephone conversation
||to get someone's attention or to express surprise, interest, or annoyance
||Hey, girl, what's up?
||Hi! How are you?
||to express doubt, a pause, or disagreement
||Hmm, I guess you're right.
||used in writing to represent a shout of laughter in a deep voice
|Ho! ho! (ho!)
||to express a strong emotion or to emphasize what you think about something
||when you think something is very beatiful, bad, surprising etc.
||Ooh, fried oysters - yum!
||when you have fallen, dropped something, or made a small mistake
||Oops, I've said too much!
||when you feel sudden pain
||when something hurts you
||Ow! My arm!
||to show that you are annoyed or disappointed about something
||when you are thinking about what you are going to say
||She's from, uh, Iowa.
||to mean "yes" or to show that you understand something
||"Is this him in the photo?" "Uh huh"
||to say "no"
||"She didn't get a cold?" "uh-uh"
|um, umm (,so)
||when you are thinking about what to say next
||So, um, I guess I'll be there in ten minutes.
||emphasizing something, pausing, accepting a situation, showing surprise, etc.
||Well, it can't be helped.
||to show that you are slightly surprised or annoyed
|Why it's Mr.Smith.
||when you think something tastes bad or is very disgusting
||Yuck! I hate green peppers
What や How
What a cute puppy (it is!) [It is a very cute puppy.]
How cute this puppy is! [This puppy is very cute.]
"Bang, bang! you're dead," the boy shouted.
He closed the door with a bang. ドアをバタンと閉めた。
The front door banged shut. 玄関（のドア）がバタンと閉まった。